Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which produce hormones. Thyroid hormones manage the rate of many activities in your body. These include how quick you burn calories, and how quick your heart beats. All of these activities are your body’s metabolism.
Thyroid disorders are situation that affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. The thyroid has neccesary roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. Different kinds of thyroid disorders affect either its structure or function.
The thyroid gland is located beneath the Adam’s apple wrapped around the trachea (windpipe). A thin area of tissue in the gland’s middle, it call as the isthmus, joins the 2 thyroid lobes on each side. The thyroid uses iodine to produce crucial hormones. Thyroxine, also call as T4, is the main hormone produced by the gland. After delivery via the bloodstream to the body’s tissues, a little portion of the T4 released from the gland is converted to triiodothyronine (T3), which is the most active hormone.
Thyroid problems include
- Goiter : enlargement of the thyroid gland
- Thyroid cancer
- Hyperthyroidism : when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs
- Hypothyroidism : when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones
- Thyroiditis: swelling of the thyroid
- Thyroid nodules: lumps in the thyroid gland
The thyroid gland is a small organ that’s located in the front of the neck, wrapped around the windpipe (trachea). It’s shaped like a butterfly, smaller in the middle with two wide wings that extend around the side of your throat. The thyroid is a gland. You have glands throughout your body, where they develop and release substances that assist your body do a specific thing. Your thyroid produces hormones that help manage many vital functions of your body.
Problems with the thyroid can be caused by:
- iodine deficiency
- autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid, leading either to hyperthyroidism (caused by Graves’ disease) or hypothyroidism (caused by Hashimoto’s disease)
- inflammation (which may or may not cause pain), caused by a bacteria, or a virus.
- nodules, or non-cancerous lumps
- cancerous tumours
- certain medical treatments, including radiation therapy, thyroid surgery, and some medicines
- some genetic disorders
When your thyroid doesn’t work well, it can affect your entire body. If your body produces too much thyroid hormone, you can make a condition called hyperthyroidism. If your body makes too little thyroid hormone, it’s known as hypothyroidism. Both conditions are serious and need to be treated by your medical doctor.